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What Could Mandatory Bodily Injury Coverage Mean for Florida Drivers?

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Posted on November 26, 2013

Updated on October 16, 2023

Florida drivers are required to carry Personal Injury Protection (PIP) coverage as part of their auto insurance policy under the state’s no-fault system. However, many lawmakers feel Florida is long overdue for an alternative to the no-fault system.

In 2013, Florida legislators examined the possibility of eliminating PIP coverage. The alternative is to institute a tort system under which drivers would be required to carry minimum levels of bodily injury (BI) liability coverage and at-fault drivers would be financially responsible for injury-related expenses resulting from their accidents.

The term “no-fault” stems from the Florida statute established to provide any covered driver injured in a car accident with up to $10,000 in immediate medical benefits. This is the $10,000 in personal injury protection (PIP) that all drivers are currently required to carry on their automobile insurance policies. PIP coverage supposedly makes each individual responsible for his/her own injuries and medical bills connected with an accident, regardless of fault. The idea behind requiring PIP coverage was to have each driver’s own insurance coverage pay for the first $10,000 in medical bills and lost wages from an accident regardless of who was at fault, ideally unburdening the civil court system. Unfortunately, the plan to use the PIP system to unburden the courts simply did not pan out as the lawmakers envisioned.

Now, state legislators are recognizing that the PIP system is broken and many are admitting that no-fault insurance may be causing more harm than good.

“If you have been here very long at all we have dealt with this issue every four or five years with the view that next time there ain’t going to be any next time,” explained Florida Senate Banking and Insurance Committee Chair, Republican Bill Simmons. He also added that 2012 reforms were the best solution option possible for the current system.

Senator Simmons is now proposing that the current no-fault law that calls for drivers to carry $10,000 in PIP coverage be replaced by a plan that calls for drivers to have $10,000 in property damage insurance and $25,000 in bodily injury coverage per person for a total of $50,000 per occurrence. No-fault claims would be eliminated and personal injury claims would be filed against at at-fault driver’s insurance or taken to civil court for large claims.

Insurance representatives offered tentative support but expressed concerns over pricing and the possible consequences of moving to a tort system. However, most drivers who finance or lease their vehicles are required by the lender to carry much higher bodily injury limits already. In theory, simply dropping the PIP coverage requirement would lower those drivers’ premiums, effectively lowering premiums for the majority of working drivers.

Update: After the attempt to repeal Florida’s no fault PIP system failed in 2013 legislators have continued pressing the issue nearly every year. In 2021 the repeal passed both the Florida House and Senate with bipartisan support only to be vetoed by Governor Ron DeSantis who gave little explanation.